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Cool Facts

Plants Fruits Botany Interesting Facts

  • Do you know that an average strawberry has about 200 seeds. And it is the only fruit that bears its seeds on the outside.
  • Do you know that largest flower in the world is the titan arums.The size of each flower is about 10 feet high and 3 feet wide i.e. even bigger than an elephant.
  • Do you know that an average pomegranate have more than 1000 seeds.
  • The tiniest tree in the world is Dwarf Willow ,its size is about two inches.It is found in Greenland.
  • Most of the flowers have patterns of lines on their petals.This act as guide for insects to move towards the glands which produce nectar.Generally these glands are at the base of the petals. Some of the flowers display these patterns in the UV Rays they reflect. Unlike humans, the insects have ultraviolet vision. These insects see these nectar guides, whereas we only see plain-colored petals.
  • Cabbage has 91% water.
  • Apple is 25% air, that is why it floats on water.

See free School Science - education videos by clicking here Science Learning for 6-12 years old kids

  • Tomato and the potato are the two vegetables which are grown in largest quantities in the world. But Onion is the most widely used vegetable i!The onion is used in in more dishes than any other vegetable in most no. of countries?
  • Apple,Onions & potatoes have same taste, don’t believe it.Here is the test: Pinch your nose & taste all 3 ,find any difference?

  • Do you ever wonder what causes tears in eyes while cutting onions!It is the sulfuric acid present in onion ,which creates itching in the eyes & causes tears.But if you chill the onions enough,effect of sulfuric acid goes down drastically.
  • The oldest trees in the world :California Bristlecone pines and Giant Sequoias are regarded as the oldest trees and have been known to live 4000 to 5000 years.
  • Carrots were originally purple in color.
  • When an insect touches the hairs of a Venus Fly Trap it triggers the plant to close, trapping its victim before killing and dissolving it in acid.
  • Elephant grass in Africa is named after elephants as it is about 4.5 meter high and even elephants can hide in this grass
  • The Baobab tree in Africa is an amazing plant.It is known for its water storage capacity in it trunk.It can store 1000 liters to 120000 liters of water in its swollen trunk.
  • Cutting onions releases a gas which causes a stinging sensation when it comes into contact with your eyes. Your body produces tears to dilute the irritant and remove it from your eyes.
  • The first diesel engine ran on peanut oil.
  • The study of plants is a branch of Biology.
  • 84% of a raw apple and 96% of a raw cucumber is water.Cucumber skin is its most nutritious part
  • Rice paper isn’t made from rice but from a small tree which grows in Taiwan.
  • Trees get about 90% of their nutrition from the atmosphere (carbon dioxide, etc), and only about 10% from the soil.
  • The averaged size tree can provide enough wood to make 170,000 pencils.
  • The world’s tallest tree is a Sequoia (or California Redwood) in California; it is more than 360 feet tall.
  • The world’s oldest living tree is thought to be in Sweden. Its root system has been growing for 9,550 years. Now that’s old!
  • An average size tree produces enough oxygen in one year to keep a family of four breathing.
  • A method used to verify the age of a tree is to count the rings in the tree’s trunk.
  • A cluster of bananas is called a hand and consists of 10 to 20 bananas, which are known as fingers. The word 'banan' is Arabic for finger.
  • The very first type of aspirin, or pain killer and fever reducer came from the tree bark of the willow tree.
  • Apples, not caffeine or tea , are more efficient at waking you up in the morning.
  • Chocolate is a food made from cacao beans.
  • Mango is called king of the fruits.
  • Because bananas are easy to digest and are very nutritious, they are the first fruit offered to babies.
  • Strawberries are the only fruit which grows seeds on the outside.
  • A cucumber is a fruit not a vegetable. Why? Because it has seeds in the centre.
  • Leaving skin on potatoes is healthier as all vitamins are in the skin.
  • Eating a lot of onions will make you sleepy, as it acts as a sedative.
  • Bananas contain a natural chemical which can make a person happy.
  • Watermelon is considered a good gift to give a host in Japan and China.
  • The original Ketchup did not have any tomatoes,the primary ingredient was fish brine mixed with herbs.The roots of ketchup are traced back to China, with a sauce they called ke-tsiap.
  • Petals are usually colorful, and they attract insects and birds that help with pollination.
  • Do you know the rose family of plants, in addition to flowers, gives us apples, pears, plums, cherries, almonds and peaches .
  • The largest single flower is the Rafflesia or “corpse flower”. They are generally 3 feet in diameter with the record being 42 inches.
  • A notch in a tree will remain the same distance/height from the ground as the tree grows.
  • Trees lower air temperature by evaporating water in their leaves.
  • Have you heard a mushroom called Death Cap ?It looks like a harmless mushroom but it contains poison & can kill a human being with in 6 hours of eating due to kidney & liver failure.
  • The water hyacinth is the world's fastest growing water plant & world's biggest water plant is Amazon lily ,its floating leaves grow up to 6 feet.
  • Dendrochronology is the science of calculating a tree’s age by its rings.Rings in the stem of a tree can tell the age of a tree.
  • Tree rings not only tell us age of the tree but they can also tell us about environmental events, including volcanic eruptions.
  • Cricket bats are made of a tree called Willow & base-balls bats are made out of wood of tree called Hickory.
  • The broadest trees around the world are the Baobab trees in Africa & the Sequioa trees in North America, their trunks are so large that a good sized apartment can be housed in there!
  • The first certified botanical garden was founded by Pope Nicholas III at the Vatican in 1278 AD.

  • Wood sorrel is plant which has two flowers ,one to attract bees to spread its pollen & other to make seeds.
  • The world's fastest growing plant is Burma's giant bamboo it can grow 17 centimeter in a day.

See free School Science - education videos by clicking here Science Learning for 6-12 years old kids

With kind courtesy from Dr .Ullhas Singh,Horticulture Deptt.,BHU,UP