Albert Einstein Biography for Kids – makemegenius.com
Birth: March 14, 1879
- Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany
- Einstein saw a wonder when he was four or five years old: a magnetic compass.
- The needle’s northward swing, guided by an invisible force, impressed him.
- The compass convinced him that there had to be “something behind things, something deeply hidden.”
Albert – as a Student
- Einstein knew, from then on, that he wanted to teach math and Science at a University someday.
- The problem was, he wasn’t a very good test-taker and could not get a job at a University because of it.
- Rumor has it that he had even failed a Math test, but some people question that because of the way grades were assigned back then.
- Albert Einstein develops his Special Theory of Relativity.
- He did this while working as a Patent Clerk in Germany.
- He wasn’t really even a scientist at the time.
Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity
- Relative to who is watching, space and time are transformed near the speed of light: distances appear to stretch; and clocks tick more slowly
- Einstein’s theory meant that Newton’s Laws needed to be modified.
- Space and time are not absolute – and the universe we live in is not actually the one Newton “discovered.
Einstein in 1905
- Einstein uses the idea that light exists as tiny packets, or particles, that we now call photons.
- His work anchors the most shocking idea in twentieth century science: we live in a universe built out of tiny bits of energy and matter.
- Next, in April and May, Einstein publishes two papers.
- In one he invents a new method of counting and determining the size of the atoms or molecules in a given space.
- In the other he explains the phenomenon of Brownian motion.
- The net result is a proof that atoms actually exist – still an issue at that time.
- And then, in June, Einstein completes special relativity – which adds a twist to the story: special relativity sees light as particles and a continuous field of waves.
- And of course, Einstein isn’t finished. Later in 1905 comes the most famous relationship in physics: e=mc2.
- The energy content of a body is equal to the mass of the body times the speed of light squared.
- At first, even Einstein does not understand the full implications of his formula.
Einstein IN 1907
- In 1907, Einstein begins to apply the laws of gravity to his Special Theory of Relativity.
- In 1911, he finally gets a job as a Professor of Physics at the German University.
- In 1910, Einstein addressed a basic question: “Why is the sky blue?” He approached the problem by looking at the effect of the scattering of light by individual molecules in the atmosphere.
- In 1913, Einstein begins work on his new Theory of Gravity.
- Einstein and his wife, Elsa, escape Nazi Germany and set sail for the United States.
- World War II begins.
- Einstein writes a now famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging nuclear research and warning him of Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.
April 18, 1955
- Albert Einstein dies of Heart Failure.
- This is a picture of his last blackboard.
Famous Einstein Quotes
- “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.”
- “If A equals success, then the formula is: A=X+Y+Z. X is work. Y is play. Z is keep your mouth shut.”