Christopher Columbus Biography for Kids – makemegenius.com
- Born: 1451 in Genoa, Italy
- Sent by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
- Died: May 20, 1506, in Valladolid, Spain
Reasons for Exploring
- Thought that Japan and the Indies were much closer than they are.
- Explore a new route to the East Indies (Spice Islands).
- Would become Governor of any lands discovered.
- Keep 10% of wealth discovered.
Columbus’ First Voyage
- August 3, 1492, Columbus left Spain to start his first voyage
- He took 3 ships: Santa Maria, Nina, Pinta
- On October 12, 1492, he discovered land- the island of San Salvador
- This is the date it is said that he discovered the Americas
- Columbus claimed the islands
- The Santa Maria was destroyed on December 24, 1942
- Columbus returned to Spain on the Nina
- Spain had a huge reception for Columbus upon his return
- They named him “Admiral of the Sea”
Columbus’ Second Voyage
- October 1493, Columbus left Cadiz with a fleet of 17 ships carrying a total of 1,500 colonists.
- He discovered the Leeward Islands, Jamaica and Puerto Rico.
- The colonists he had brought to Hispaniola just wanted gold and were completely disorderly. Some seized a ship and returned to Spain.
- Columbus left his brother Bartholomew in charge of Hispaniola while he returned to Spain in 1496.
Columbus’ Third Voyage
- In 1498, Columbus left for his 3rd expedition.
- He was forced to transport convicts to be new colonists, because Hispaniola’s conditions were not good and the novelty of the new world was wearing off.
- In 1500, the King and Queen of Spain sent an independent governor to Hispaniola because of the terrible conditions there under Columbus’ rule.
- Columbus was taken back to Spain in chains.
- He was released later, but his public support was growing wary.
Columbus’ Fourth Voyage
- In 1502, Columbus gathered four more ships to make another voyage in attempt to reestablish his reputation.
- He was hoping that if he sailed far enough west he would find Asian land.
- He struck the coast of Central America.
- After suffering many hardships, he returned to Spain with no other choice, but to give up his dream.
- First celebration of the discovery of the “New World” was in 1792, in New York.
- In 1937, President Roosevelt proclaimed every October 12th as Columbus day.
- In 1971, USA declared it a federal public holiday on the second Monday in October.